Many brain trauma injuries among the young could be avoided by using helmets. Youngsters and adults involved in bicycling, roller-skating or blading, or other such activities are subject to falls that can produce serious and sometimes fatal head injuries.

Why Wear A Bicycle Helmet?

It's the law! Riders under the age of 18 are required to wear a helmet. Non-helmeted riders are fourteen times more likely to be involved in a fatal crash than cyclists wearing a safety helmet. Children ages 14 and under are five times more likely to be injured in a bicycle-related crash than older bike riders.

Bicyclists admitted to hospital emergency rooms with head injuries are twenty times more likely to die than those without head injuries.

Research Says.....

Bicycle riders with helmets had.... an 85% reduction in their risk of head injury an 85% reduction in their risk of brain injury

Conclusion:

Bicycle safety helmets are highly effective in preventing head injury and are particularly important to children since they suffer the majority of serious head injuries from bicycle accidents.

Source: The New England Journal of Medicine

What is bullying?

  • Unwelcome behaviour (criticism, nit-picking, fault-finding, exclusion, isolation, being shouted at, humiliated, excessive monitoring, verbal and written warnings imposed on you etc.)
  • Persistent, offensive, abusive, Intimidating or Insulting behaviour which makes the recipient/victim feel upset, threatened, humiliated or vulnerable. This undermines their self confidence and may cause them to suffer and become stressed.

What is a bully?

A person who takes repeated hostile actions against another person and has more power than the person targeted.

3 Ways to bully

Verbal Bullying: Name calling, sexist remarks, racist remarks, verbal threats, and cruel jokes about appearance, physical ability or religion.

Relational Bullying: Being left out, gossiping, exclusion.

Physical Bullying: Is assault.

  • Spitting
  • Hitting
  • Slapping
  • Pushing
  • Damaging property or possessions
  • Kicking
  • Throwing objects
  • Wedgies

Why do bullies bully?

  • To avoid facing responsibility for their behaviour and the effect it has on others
  • To diverts attention away from their inadequacy.
  • To gets others to look up them, so they try to achieve this by acting tough
  • Many boys, who have been bullies early in life, often continue their style of behaviour as adults.

What to look for in a child who may be bullied

  • Coming home with cuts and bruises
  • Torn clothes
  • Asking for stolen possessions to be replaced
  • “Losing” dinner money
  • Falling out with previously good friends
  • Being moody and bad tempered
  • Being quiet and withdrawn
  • Wanting to avoid leaving the house
  • Aggression with brothers and sisters
  • Doing less well at schoolwork
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety

If bullying continues

  • Keep a diary of what your child says is happening or get your child to keep his/her own diary
  • Write a note to the class teacher or principal, explaining what the problem is

Ask what action has been taken on earlier bullying complaints. Schools have a variety of sanctions that can use.
These include:

  • A warning
  • Calling the bully's parents in to school
  • Detention
  • Internal exclusion within school
  • Fixed term exclusion
  • Permanent exclusion

Advice

  • You must talk to a teacher
  • Work with the teachers to make schools safer and happier
  • If you are not satisfied with the school's response, don't give up –other sources of help are available.

Dealing with Bullies

  • Stand straight and tall if faced with a bully, look him/her in the eyes
  • Be polite but firm and tell the bully “Stop it, I don't like it, Leave me alone”
  • If at all possible don't cry or show you are upset, walk away
  • Report what happened to an adult you trust, and expect action to be taken
Halloween Safety

Halloween is a time for fun and treats. It is also a time when children and parents must be careful and think safety first. To reduce the chances of accidents, and to avoid mishaps, follow these safety tips:


Costumes

Makeup is safer than a mask, since it does not impede vision or hearing. If a mask must be used, ensure that there are ample eye, nose and mouth openings. It is important for the child to see properly in all directions, and also breathe and speak without trouble.

Costumes should fit properly, they should not be too tight or restrictive. If they are too long or loose, they can cause your child to trip or get caught in branches or other obstacles. Strips of reflective tape or reflective vests will make any costume easier to be seen. For added visibility and fun, attach a flashlight to their costume!

Trick or Treat bags should be sturdy enough to hold a good night's loot. There's nothing worse than to be heading home when the bag breaks, dropping candy or soiling and losing it!!

Once the children arrive home safely, parents should verify their treats before they can be eaten. It is a good idea to give kids a snack before they head out, making them less likely to eat any of their candy on the way.


Going Out At Night

Make sure your kids have change in their pocket in case they need to phone you. No young person should trick or treat alone, even the older ones. It is more fun and safer to travel with a group of friends. Younger children should be in the care of someone older and reliable, such as a parent. Parents can dress up too!

The children should always stick to well-lit streets and homes where the lights are on. It is important that kids not get so excited that they forget traffic safety and then dash across the streets. They should stay on the sidewalk, and cross only at intersections. Always obey the lights and always look both ways, even if it IS Halloween! Trick or treat on one side of the street at a time, and avoid running back and forth across the street. This way you can go to more houses in less time too!

Know the route that the children will take, and go over it with them. Set a time for them to return home. Tell them not to get off track, and not to go with strangers or go into anyone's homes. It is best that the parents and children know where homes are in the area where friends or relatives live in case they need help.

School Bus Safety

Approximately 300,000 school buses carry 22 million children on a bouncy ride to and from school each day. 60-70 children ages 5-9 die annually in needless bus accidents. STUDENT MISBEHAVIOUR CREATES THE GRAVEST DANGERS TO PASSENGER SAFETY. A bus driver must drive safely, keep an eye on the road, and maintain order while his/her back is turned on more students than a trained teacher faces in the classroom. He needs every passenger's help.


School bus safety depends on all kids working together and abiding by the same school bus safety rules.

Before The Bus Comes

  • Leave home early enough to arrive at your bus stop on time
  • Be careful crossing roads and always walk facing the traffic
  • Be safely waiting, read, and in good order when the bus arrives
  • Wait in a safe place, well off the roadway
  • Never be the cause for the delay of the bus and its other riders
  • While waiting for the bus to come, your safe behaviour can set a good example for others to follow

After The Bus Comes

  • Line up in single file and never crowd, push or shove
  • Use the bus handrails as you enter the bus in an orderly manner
  • Be courteous to your bus driver and fellow passengers
  • Take your seat promptly and stay in it
  • Avoid standing in the aisles
  • Hold book bags so they can't fall, or place them under your seat

During The Bus Ride

  • Stay in your seat while the bus is moving
  • Avoid shouting, scuffling and other needless disturbances which might distract the driver
  • Keep arms and head inside the bus windows
  • Be quite, orderly, courteous and considerate of others
  • Help keep the bus clean and neat. Never mark, scuff, cut, kick or tear the seats or walls.
    Remember: Your bus is an expensive machine built to save you a long walk to and from school. With your help, the trip can be made safely in any weather.

When Your Bus Gets To Its Destination

  • Wait until the bus comes to a full stop before getting out of your seat to stand up
  • Line up on the way out in an orderly fashion with no pushing and shoving
  • Use the front door unless the driver says otherwise
  • As you leave, report anything broken or damaged on the bus to the driver
  • Use the handrail as you leave the bus in an orderly manner
  • Be alert for traffic
  • Watch your step. Never jump or take a giant step to the curb
  • Leave the unloading zone quickly to make room for others getting off the bus

Good School Bus Manners

  • No loud talking
  • No talking at all near a railroad crossing
  • Keep feet under you and arms close to your body
  • Put books and book bags where they cannot fall
  • Avoid talking to the driver except when the bus is stopped or in an emergency
  • Sit quietly in your seat until the trip ends
  • NEVER stick anything out the bus window or throw things out of it. Never
    lean on windows and never open them without permission from the driver

Crossing Safely

Crossing the road is always the most dangerous part of the bus trip. NEVER depend on the traffic to stop, because sometimes it doesn't.

NEVER cross in the driver's blind spot, which is right in front of the bus. Instead, walk ten steps ahead of the bus along the edge of the road. Look back at the driver and make sure he/she sees you. Wait for his/her signal, then double check both ways yourself to make sure the way is safe. Walk quickly! Do not run!

Never hold up the bus by stopping or turning back

Bus Emergencies

The emergency door is for emergency use only, whenever the front door is blocked, or whenever two exits are needed. Your bus driver will explain how it is used and when. Perhaps your driver will have an exit drill so all riders know what to do in an emergency if it becomes necessary to leave the bus through this special door. It is safety-wise to have regular emergency door exit drills.
Hopefully your bus will never have an accident, but just in case, play it safe.

  • Stay calm. It never helps to get excited
  • Stay in your seat and do not talk
  • Listen to your driver and follow his/her instructions quickly and quietly
  • Never touch any emergency equipment or safety releases unless directed by your driver
  • Let passengers near the exit go first. Duck your head. Keep your hands free and leave everything behind. Bend your knees if it is a big jump down.
  • Get away from the exit quickly so others can get out safely.

Field Trips

Sometimes class trips will be taken by school bus. If they are, follow the regular safety rules for bus riders. Set a good example for those who are not regular bus riders but who are on the bus with you for the special trip. Stay with your group. Make sure you know when and where the bus will leave and be there in plenty of time. Never ask the driver to let you off along the way. When you arrive at your destination and there are many buses there, make sure you know which one is yours!

Stranger Awareness


Children should be taught specifically how to handle situations they may encounter, whether it be at home, at school, while walking down the street, and even on the telephone and the internet. Parents must explain to their children the importance of being careful with people they do not know and/or trust.

Children's Home Rules

  • Always keep doors locked
  • Being careful with keys to the house. Tell children not to wear their key so that someone can see it. If you have a hiding place established for a key, make sure it is in a very discreet place.
  • Tell children not to enter the house if anything that seems different than usual if they arrive home alone. For example, if the door is unlocked or a window is open when it shouldn't be, they should not go inside, but go to a familiar neighbour's house for help.
  • No one should be allowed in the house when the parents aren't home under any circumstances. This should also be true if there is a babysitter with the children.
  • Instruct your children to call the police if any stranger doesn't leave after knocking, or if they see a stranger on their property
  • All emergency phone numbers should be kept in plain view near the telephone.

Children's Telephone Rules

  • When answering the phone, children should never give their name. Just say "Hello". Should a caller ask for their name, ask them to ask the caller whom they wish to speak to.
  • No matter what, never give their address over the phone, unless they are calling 911 in an emergency
  • If a stranger calls and asks "What number is this?" or "I think I have the wrong number, what number have I reached?" don't' tell them. Ask instead what number they are trying to reach.
  • If parents are not home, never tell this to a caller. Instead, say they are busy and can't come to the phone right now but you can take a message.
  • Do not answer any questions a stranger asks on the phone
  • If someone asks you to buy something over the phone, always say "No"
  • If you answer the phone and someone says something mean or dirty, or they bother you in any way, hang up immediately

Children's Road Rules

  • NEVER go close to a car with a stranger in it, because they could pull you into the car
  • NEVER take candy, money or toys if a stranger in a car offers it, because they may try to get you into the car if you get too close.
  • If a car stops and someone asks you questions or for directions, NEVER walk up to the car, stay a safe distance away
  • If a car starts to follow you, turn and run in the other direction
  • If a stranger starts to follow you in a car, make a loud noise to attract attention. Also run to a safe place, such as your own home if it is nearby, or to a store where you can tell someone that you are being followed by a stranger.

Parents should tell their children that a stranger is a stranger, no matter how many times that children may have seen him/her until you tell them differently.

Often, children may see the same person more than once at a playground or other familiar place, and feel it's all right to trust them.